Under the amendment, all countries will gradually reduce HFCs by more than 80% over the next 30 years and replace them with more environmentally friendly alternatives. A certain group of industrialized countries will begin to gradually become debt-ridted in 2019. Several developing countries will freeze consumption of CFCs in 2024, followed by other countries in 2028. The schedule for progressive planning is detailed here. The amendment also contains agreements on CFC destruction technologies, data reporting requirements and capacity-building provisions for developing countries. [UNEP press release] The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol is an international agreement to gradually reduce the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The amendment was accepted at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali on October 15, 2016. In Decision XXVIII/1, they adopted an amendment to the protocol (the Kigali amendment).  The need for this change is due to the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem.
In 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the CFC Convention concluding the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 28) in Kigali, Rwanda. Governments have agreed that it will come into force on January 1, 2019, provided that at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol have ratified it. On 17 November 2017, Sweden and Trinidad and Tobago tabled their ratification instruments, exceeding the required threshold. Nairobi, 14 July 2020 – The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement to reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), has reached an important milestone: Liberia is the 100th country to ratify the amendment and provide a welcome boost to the global fight against climate change. The Kigali Amendment is a legally binding international agreement that aims to create rights and obligations in international law. The amendment is legally binding on a contracting party only if it has come into force with respect to that party. The UNITED Nations Secretariat for Ozone is the secretariat of the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances. The secretariat assists and assists the contracting parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol, as well as other stakeholders, in the implementation of measures to protect and strengthen the ozone layer and mitigate climate change. The Kigali amendment is a resolution “that we cannot afford to break.” “As we look at the effects of the global pandemic, it is essential to remember the fight against climate change,” said Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme.
“Climate change could cause even more misery and disruption than COVID-19; We must be determined to limit them. The Kigali amendment to phase out CFCs is the result of several years of negotiations between the parties to the Montreal Protocol, with numerous HFC amendments tabled by North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), the island states (Federated States of Micronesia and Mauritius), India and the European Union (28 Member States).